Controlling outbound bitrate using tc
Today I was using the VMware vCenter Converter application to build a VM from a physical machine so that I could replace Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS with VMware ESXi (and move the functionality that the server is performing now to a VM instead of it being the base OS).
Because my server is colocated in a friends rack, and the bandwidth is shared, I needed to limit the rate at which the data was being sent from the colocated server to the virtual machine server. I needed to do this so he didn’t get pages, and so that my local connection would remain viable for VoIP communication.
After scouring Google, I found this page: http://opalsoft.net/qos/DS.htm
I looked at the HTB queuing section, and came up with a simple rate limiter for my outbound data to a specific IP. The example he shows is more complex, but it gave me enough to make it work. Here is what I entered at the console:
tc qdisc del dev eth0 root # clear existing rules tc qdisc add dev eth0 root handle 1:0 htb tc class add dev eth0 parent 1:0 classid 1:1 htb rate 2048kbit tc class add dev eth0 parent 1:1 classid 1:2 htb rate 1228kbit ceil 2048kbit tc class add dev eth0 parent 1:2 classid 1:21 htb rate 1228kbit ceil 2048kbit tc qdisc add dev eth0 parent 1:21 handle 210: pfifo limit 10 tc filter add dev eth0 parent 1:0 protocol ip prio 1 u32 match ip dst 172.16.0.228/32 flowid 1:21 iptables -t mangle -A OUTPUT --dest 172.16.0.228 -p tcp -j MARK --set-mark 21
I’m sure I could have made that a bit more efficient on lines 4 and 5, but not knowing a ton about tc and the fact it worked, made me happy enough :)